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论老子

道,领导也。领导必需要不断呼唤,教导下属以及以身作则。下属的过和错皆因领导懒惰。

 
 
 

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大伯公 Shem’s descendants  

2014-01-27 20:36:35|  分类: The Truths |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Let me begin with this biblical statement that we are the descendants of Prophet Noah. Noah has three sons, namely, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Based on my research, after the Great Flood subsided, the Ark landed at the northern part of the Indus valley, the India continent and now Pakistan. The Indians and Europeans are the descendants of Japheth. The Middle East people are the descendants of Ham. Other than Abraham and the Israelis, Shem's descendants went on to populate Asia beginning from the central plain of China[1].

The first Chinese dynasty, the Hsia dynasty was formed after the unification of many tribes[2] broadly allied under the leadership Yandi or 炎帝, Huangdi or 黄帝 and Chiyou or蚩尤[3]. All these tribes were the descendants of Shem. Yandi and Huangdi[4] combined forces and defeated the tribes headed by Chiyou. The defeated tribes headed by Chiyou split into two groups. One group went east and resided in the eastern part of current province of Henan (and later, populated the current province of Shandong). Another group went south and their descendants populated the region where current Yunnan and Guizhou provinces are and later, spread out to Tibet, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos.    

3,400 years ago, the founder of the Shang dynasty, Shang Tang defeated Hsia Jie 夏桀, the last King of the Hsia dynasty. The defeated noble families of the Hsia people split into two groups. One group went north to the Mongolian Steppe lands, south of Siberia. They are the ancestors of all the Mongolian tribes, including the Huns or 匈奴 who later moved west and occupied Hungary today, the Turks 突厥 (pronounced as tū jué) who later occupied Central Asia and Turkey today,  the Chaoxian or 朝鲜 tribe who went on to establish the Chosun dynasty which later split into today’s North Korea and South Korea. The second group went south and populated today’s Guangdong, Guangxi and Vietnam. The average Hsia citizens who did not move with these two groups stayed on as people of the Shang, Zhou, Qin and Han dynasties. They were the ancestors of the Hakka, Hokkien, Teochew, Fuzhou and Fuqing people who left China during the 19th to 20th centuries and these are broadly categorized as overseas Chinese. 

Shang Tang went on to defeat the descendants of the tribes formerly headed by Chiyou who were residing in the area where the current Henan and Shandong provinces are. This defeated group too, split into two groups. One group went north: of which a splinter group occupied the eastern corridors of North-east China, founded the Koguryo dynasty in the Korea peninsula which was replaced by the Chosun dynasty; while the rest moved on, crossed the Straits of Siberia and populated the entire North and South America. Another small splinter group from this branch went to Japan and they were the ancestors of the Ainu tribe of Japan. The second group went south and resided in current Fujian province. Some decided not to move with these two groups and chose to stay put. They are the fore-fathers of those who live in current Southern Henan and Shandong provinces.

According to Chinese historians, the people mentioned above are broadly called Hua Hsia (华夏) and this term specifically applies to the various tribes mentioned above who chose to reside in Central China. This is the reason why the Chinese people called themselves as 华人 (hua ren). The descendants of those groups that chose to leave the central plain of China should not be considered as a member of the Hua Hsia people though they shared the same ancestry right up to Yandi or Huangdi, who were in the first place were the descendants of Shem.

2,200 years ago, Han Wuti the fourth emperor of the Western Han dynasty invaded Annam and pushed the descendants of the Hsia dynasty who populated today’s Guangdong province westward to the Guangxi province and southward to Vietnam today. Note: The Vietnamese language is very similar to the Guangxi language and is quite similar to Guangdong. It is very easy for one who speaks Cantonese or Guangxi language to pick up the Vietnamese language and vice-versa. 

Next, Han Wuti went on a south-eastern expedition and drove the descendants of the tribes formerly headed by Chiyou who were residing in current Fujian province out to the sea, first across the Straits of Taiwan to the island of Taiwan. They are the ancestors of the sea-faring people where-which their descendants braved the sea and set sail to all the lands beyond the South China Sea right up to New Zealand.

Centuries later and a series of sea-faring expeditions, their descendants leave Taiwan to the first landing spot in Campa, Southern Vietnam and from there moved on to the second landing spot at Tenggarong, East Kalimantan where the kingdom of Kutai Kartanegara, the first empire of the Nusantara Archipelago was set up at around 400 AD.

From Tenggarong, East Kalimantan this group spread to the west of Jawa and Lampung Sumatera where the old Sriwijaya Empire was. Around 1000 A.D. the power was transferred from Lampung to Central Jawa where the heavily Hindu-influenced empires Kediri, Singhosari and Majapahit were based. The descendants of the Majapahit Empire went on to occupy current eleven states of West Malaysia. Other groups spread out from East Kalimantan to The Philippines, Hawaii, Fiji, Tonga, all the Pacific islands and the Maori of New Zealand.

In Sep 879 AD, 黄巢 (Huangchao) captured Guangzhou city, the southern port of the Tang dynasty. Shortly before the fall[5] of Guangzhou city, more than 100,000 thousands of Guangzhou womenfolk set sail to Cirebon, a northern port of West Jawa to avoid the imminent rape and torture of the raiding rebels. Most of them could not tolerate the hot and humid weather of Cirebon and migrated inwards to the highlands plateau of Bandung which is much cooler. They married with the local Jawanese (who were the first batch of descendants of the tribes residing in Fujian before emperor, Han Wuti) and their descendants are the current Sundanese people who populated Sunda, the western region of the island of Jawa.

Another group of womenfolk landed at Jambi, Sumatera. They too, could nottake the humid and hot weather decided to move up along river, Batang Hari all the way to the Minangkabau highlands on the west coast of Sumatera. The Minangkabau people of the Padang province of Sumatera who later moved tod to Negeri Sembilan of West Malaysia are the descendants of this group.

In the 19th to early 20th centuries, the Sundanese people migrated to the southern part of the peninsula of West Malaysia, which is the current state of Johor. Their descendants now constitute more than half of the current population of Johor. Note: It is fairly easy to identify a Sundanese living in west Jawa or a Johorean who is of the Sundanese ancestry. Their skin is fair like the Chinese and some of them may even have the typical look of a Chinese (to be more exacting, the look of the Cantonese people).

Towards the end of the Song dynasty (960 to 1279), a small group of the Chinese nobles escaped death by invading Mongols set sail to current Brunei, Sarawak and Kota Baru, Kelantan.                     

From 1405 to 1433, Laksamana Chengho (ZhengHe, as in Mandarin) sailed seven times to the Nusantara Archipelago and all the seven seas of the world. This is an interesting note but the Jawanese may beg to differ: All the nine Wali Songo were the descendants of the seamen of Laksamana Chengho. Rightfully, Laksamana Chengho should be the first Wali, making it ten Walis instead of nine. Why?

Do you know that the first emperor of the Ming dynasty, emperor Hongwu was a Muslim? His grandson, the second emperor Jianwen who was anointed by him was also a Muslims. The third emperor Yongle who usurped power from his nephew, emperor Jianwen was also a Muslims. It was under Yongle’s instructions that Laksamana Chengho went south to spread Islam to the Nusantara Archipelago. Note: Popular history said that he was sent to look for emperor Jianwen whose tomb was found in the biggest Chinese cemetery in today’s Kuching, Sarawak. Laksamana Chengho found the disposed emperor Jianwen living among the Ibans who were naked. This is in accordance with some historical records of the Ming dynasty.

Raja Parameswara, the founder of the Melaka sultanate converted to Islam and took the name, Sultan Iskandar Shah. Do you know who converted him? He was a Muslim from Guangdong who accompanied Laksamana Chengho to Melaka. Now, a 16th generation descendant of this person is living in Malaysia.

Do you know who Hang Tuah and his four other brothers were? Hang means Han without the ‘g’ sound. This could be an influenced from Kelantan or Terengganu where the Chinese landed in Peninsula Malaysia several centuries earlier. All Chinese called themselves Han people. “Tuah” is tua in Hokkien, meaning, the eldest. Hang Tuah simply means, the highest ranking person among the Han Chinese who were residing in Melaka then. Hang Tuah, Hang Jebat, Hang Kasturi, Hang Lekir and Hang Lekiu are all Chinese warriors whom Laksamana Chengho instructed to stay in Melaka to protect the Melaka sultanate from the attacks of the neighboring states of Siam and Acheh.

Let me take a pause and provide you a few proofs.

1) If you are a descendants of the Hua Xia group or the sea-faring descendants of the tribes from Fujian who set sail beyond the Straits of Taiwan, when you listen to the songs of the North American Red Indians and South America Indian, you will find them so soothing to your heart (my heart as well). Take a good look at the picture of the native North and South America. They looked very much alike a typical Malay or Chinese. See below a picture of a little girl of the North American tribe and a picture of my grand-daughter whose maternal great-grandfather (my father-in-law is noticeably a descendant of the Chiyou tribe) came to Malaysia from Fujian, China.

大伯公 Shem’s descendants - 行天之道 - 论老子  

2) If you were to look at the native of Taiwan, the people of the Alisan tribe closely resemble any typical Malay. Some Malaysian Chinese who went to work in this hilly area picked up their language easily because they can speak Malay before they left Malaysia for Taiwan. Following is a picture of the famous two-man band 动力火车 (dong li huo che)who are of the Alisan tribe.

大伯公 Shem’s descendants - 行天之道 - 论老子  

The one on the left is what a typical North and South American looks like. The one on the right looks like a typical Malay.

3) The Filipinos acknowledge that their ancestors are Malay, pronounced as Malai which is indeed a Tamil term for people who live in the hill. Here is a picture of my second daughter. I asked a dozen Filipinos residing in Singapore and Malaysia. They all replied, “She is unmistakably a Filipino lady.” Why? Her maternal grand-father is a Hokkien who came from Fujian.

大伯公 Shem’s descendants - 行天之道 - 论老子

This is the biggest surprise among all for you. The sukukata of the Malay language is very similar to the modern Chinese Hanyupinyin. Try this to a fresh visitor for mainland Chinese and ask him to read, “saya sayang kamu”. You will be surprised he can say it out loud without much effort[6], less the Malay slang, of course. In fact, I poked fun at the mainland Chinese people with this statement, “Actually, before the China went on to adopt the 26 Roman letters, A to Z as the basis of their Hanyupinyin, the Malay language was the first to do so.”

In fact, the Malay language is even much closer (almost 99% similar) to the Hakka language. A Hakka rarely needs more than half a day to twist the tongue or intonation to pick up speaking Malay fluently. Here are a few examples of some common Malay words and their equivalent Hakka pronunciations in brackets for the following words: ayah for father is (阿[[7]]爷), emak for mother is (阿[[8]]妈), mata for eye is (马打), hidung for nose is (气捅), mulut for mouth is (母律), hati for heart is 吓弟, tangan for hand is (单眼), kaki for leg is (家支), lutut for knees is (炉堵), jangan for don’t is (肘硬), cinta for love is (真打), sakit for pain is (沙吉) and etc. The list can go on and on. Note: I am a Hakka. I was raised in Malaysia and henceforth, read and write the Malay language.

Likewise, the Malay language is found to be equally close to the Hokkien or Teochew languages. Henceforth, the Hakkas, Hokkiens and Teochews from mainland China should not have any problems at all in pronouncing 99% of all Malay words within a matter of an hour or two of verbal training.

However, here are some subtle differences between Hanyupinyin and Malay. Qi in Chinese hanyupinyin is Chi as in old Malay kuching or chinta. Z in Chinese hanyupinyin is J in Malay. H as in sudah, telah, kalah and etc actually is the fourth sound or intonation of the Chinese fourth tones that most European found it very difficult to learn. The ending characters, t and k in Malays words could not be pronounced by the mainland Chinese other than those who speak Hakka, Hokkien and Teochew. I am not sure if the people from Shandong can speak these two ending characters, ‘t’ and ‘k’ effortless or not because I have not got a chance to speak to a native of Shandong. However, I know some of the ladies who originate from southern Henan and Shandong have darker skin like any typical Malay lady. It is wrong for you to think all Chinese (especially those who are from Northern China) have fair skin.

Coming to the main point of this article, the Hakkas, Hokkiens and Teochews all revere Taipakkung or 大伯公 (Hakka), Tuapekgong or 大伯公 (Hokkien) and Pekgong Gantiandadi or 伯公感天大帝 (Teochew) in the highest respect much more than any other Chinese deities. Who actually is or was Taipakkung or Tuapekgong or Pekgong Gantiandadi? These three terms as pronounced in these three different dialects is actually Shem!

The Japanese may not agree they are the descendants of Xufu (徐福) and his three thousands pairs of young boys and girls who set sail to the Eastern seas at the request of Qinshihuang, the first emperor of China in look for the elixir of life. They argued that the Ainu tribes are the native tribe of Japan long before the arrival of Xufu. However, the Ainu tribe is actually the descendants of the same Chiyou group who left Shandong and crossed the Bering Straits 1,200 years earlier. Xufu actually set sail from Quzhou, which is in current Fujian province.

Here is the most obvious proof that the Japanese are the descendants of the Chiyou tribe whether they are descendants of the Ainu tribe or the later Xufu clan. Any Japanese can pick up the Malay language in a matter of a few hours of verbal training. However, to understand the meaning of each Malay word he might have to spend a few weeks or months depending how serious he is in picking up the Malay vocabulary. For a Malay or Hakka, or Hokkien or Teochew to pick up the Japanese language, there is no need for verbal training at all. However, they have to put in some effort to understand the meaning of each Japanese word or its vocabulary. For example, Ilasai masei in Japanese means welcome or in the Chinese language 欢迎光临。In the Hakka language, Ilasai masei is pronounced as 姨拿晒 妈洗。

Similarly, it is relatively easy for these (mentioned) four groups of people in picking up the Korean language verbally. Not to my surprise, the Koreans can pick up speaking the Malay language without much effort, though needing more time to understand the Malay vocabulary.

What about the Vietnamese? They can pick up Hakka, Hokkien, Teochew, Cantonese and Guangxi dialects very easily. All these four languages are equally old and originating from the Hsia dynasty. The Vietnamese can also pick up speaking Mandarin easily because Mandarin is a more recent version of the much older Hakka language. 

I am quite sure a Vietnamese, Hakka, Hokkien or Teochew can pick up the languages spoken by the Maori of New Zealand, the various native tribes of North and South America with a little effort. However, it is yet to be proven. 

Summing up, the modern people of mainland Chinese might refuse to accept大伯公 is Shem, the eldest son of Prophet Noah, the legendary prophet mentioned in both The Bible and The Quran. However, before they try to reject my hypothesis, they have to first find out who actually is the Taipakkung or Tuapekgong or Pekgong Gantiandadi whom the Hakkas, Hokkiens and Teochew revered right until today.


[1] The Noah Ark was built in the central plain of China where Noah and his three sons lived before the Great Flood.

[2] All these tribes[[1]] were the descendants of Shem. They were the Shennong神农,Xuanyuan轩辕,Jiulizu九黎族,Xiong 、Pi、Pi 、Xiu 、Chu 、Hu and several other tribes that uses different totems (圖騰) to differentiate the identity of their tribes.

[3] Some historical records said Chiyou is an off-shoot of some tribes that were formerly aligned to Yandi before the unification of all the tribes under the leadership of Huangdi.

[4] 炎帝 (Yandi), 黄帝 (Huangdi), 尧 (Yao), 舜 (Shun) and 禹(Yu) are the first five rulers of the central plain of China before Qi, Yu’s son founded the Hsia dynasty.  

[5] When the city fell, more than two hundred thousands of the Muslims and Jewish traders and their families were killed. This large number of Muslims and Jewish traders residing in then Guangzhou gives a very good indicator of how vibrant the flourishing sea trade between the Arabs and Tang, China was. This is often called the South China Seas Silk route or Maritime Silk Route.

[6] Any typical Chinese from current mainland China (who are all well-versed in Hanyupinyin) can read about 95% of all Malay words (though without understand the meaning of the Malay language), with a slight twist of the tongue and intonation.

[7] This 阿 is pronounced as ā.

[8] This 阿 is pronounced as ē as in 阿弥陀佛. In fact, the older version of the Malay language for the word, emak is actually ēmak.  

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