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道,领导也。领导必需要不断呼唤,教导下属以及以身作则。下属的过和错皆因领导懒惰。

 
 
 

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Ending Political Tyranny in Singapore  

2013-04-06 10:46:41|  分类: SQ: Selfless Quo |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. However, the affairs of a political party in most circumstance deviates away from politics in which as a term is generally applied to the art or science of running governmental or state affairs, including behavior within civil governments. In fact, what had happened to most countries throughout their entire history was often the cumulating of detrimental actions carried out by the dominating political parties seeking to subjugate its own citizens to tyranny cloaked under the word, politics or government. In this article, I specifically make references to Singapore, a city state that had grown from a third world country to a first world country within 3 decades, with all its ‘credits’ given to a single political party, namely, People’s Action Party (abbreviation, PAP) that relentlessly make use of its government as a vehicle to turn against its own citizens, repeatedly.

I can’t see there is any art or science of running governmental or state affairs in Singapore. If you insist there must be some forms, I would describe the art or science of running the Singapore government is all about raping its own citizens and cajoling them to “just lie down and enjoy being gang-raped”.

Wait a minute! You may find it very offensive when I do not mince my words before I wrote down the phrase, “just lie down and enjoy being gang-raped”. It is not so much that I am a straight-talker and I do not mince my words. I am merely stating a true fact. Neither do I quibble. Quibble means to evade the truth or importance of an issue by raising trivial distinctions and objections.

 

Looking back at the past excesses of all (only) three Prime Ministers of Singapore, why were their tyrannical abuses left unchecked? Obviously, when there is no one to check against their tyrannical abuses, not even with the slightest form of check-and-balance against absolute power that corrupts absolutely.

These are two well-known facts. One, Lee Kuan Yew had his good time after two old guards left Singapore political scene. They are Dr Goh Keng Swee and Toh Chin Chye. Two, Goh Chok Tong and Lee Hsien Loong had a good time when the mere two opposition members of Parliament could hardly apply the slightest check-and-balance.

In May 2011 General Elections, Low Thia Kiang rallied on building his Worker Party to be an effective check-and-balance opposition party in the 12th Parliament. He succeeded in garnering 40% of the votes, by far the highest percentage in the history of Singapore General Elections. He managed to capitalize on the mood of the voters. However, he did not tell the voters the truth about what check-and-balance is.

This is a cold hard fact that may shake your butts off. To make use of the opposition political parties to provide effective check and control against the ruling party is absolutely wishful thinking. It never works in this way. This is because political parties always fight for themselves, personal interests and hardly perform the role of check-and-balance (Please read Appendix: The Weaknesses of the Westminster Political System.) Politicians never have any intention to carry check-and-balance. They merely fight for their differing personal interests all the time. Please do not count on them.

The check-and-balance in today’s modern 21st century is right here. That is, universal suffrage to vote for the Elected President who is then empowered to form the cabinet. In Singapore, the President is elected through universal suffrage. The Prime Minister is not. However, the executive power to organize the government falls into the hands of the Prime Minister who secretively works behind the veil of his political party, PAP that bullies and tramples on all the other political party members and he had been doing so for at least four decades. The end result of such heavy-handedness succeeded in putting in the most number of PAP candidates as elected members in Parliament very unfairly. Upon his success in political manipulation, he then appoints himself as the Prime Minister.

Did we ever asked, “Is this the right way to allow somebody to play all kinds of tricks and bullying tactics to decimate the candidates from the other contesting political parties with a sole intention to plant only his own men in Parliament, thereby stealing the mandate to rule the country?”

This is absolutely not the right way! If we want to discuss about check-and-balance, it must begin at the very top and right before the candidate gets the mandate to rule the country. In Singapore context, check-and-balance begins at the ballot box during the (Elected) Presidential Election.

All four candidates who competed in last 27 August 2011 Elected Presidential Election resigned from their respective political parties to demonstrate that they are offering themselves to the voters as truly independent candidates. This is a rather weird phenomenon for all four candidates because in the past and in every other country all the Presidential candidates depended on the strong backing of their political parties to pull in the votes. Some may even rope in the support of more than one political party to bring in the votes. Why was there such a sudden shift in 27 August 2011 where all four candidates dissociated themselves from their political parties?

Three months ago, the general election campaign was a water-shed event where the opposition parties captured 40% of the votes casted. The Aljunied GRC fell to the Worker Party, thus, effectively destroyed the invincibility of the GRC (Group Representation Constituency) system that the ruling People's Action Party amended the Parliamentary Elections Act in 1988 to create GRCs. Fearing that Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam, the chosen candidate from among PAP political party might lose to the two other candidates that are not from among members of the PAP, Dr Tony Tan was the first to distance himself from PAP. The rest of the candidates follow suit to prove that they too can be a truly independent President, in the same light as Dr Tony Tan.

On the ground, after failing to put in a substantial number of opposition parties candidates into Parliament, the voters are very eager to vote in an Elected President who can distance himself away from the ruling PAP political party. Following Dr Tony Tan’s foot-step, the three other candidates too want to prove they do not want to engage in party politics. All four candidates decided to detach themselves from their respective political parties to play down the need to organize support through the channel of using political parties. This was a rare situation where the election of the head of state was carried with almost no involvement of party politics.

 With 2,153,014 local votes and 3,375 overseas votes cast, the 2011 Elected President election was also the biggest democratic exercise in Singapore to-date. At a turn-out rate of 94.8%, Singaporeans had demonstrated that they exercised their votes with care and aimed to put in the best candidate as their chosen Elected President. Mind you. The election campaigns were carried out without involving party politics.

May I repeat? This election campaigns were carried out without involving party politics. We want this to be a standard bearer for all future Presidential elections.

Singaporeans must have been tired of how the PAP had abused its strength in numbers in bullying, intimidating, terrorizing and persecuting the other smaller political parties. Let’s make use of the ten-day of campaigning from Aug 17 to Aug 27, 2012 as the benchmark of clean and democratic election where all forms of political bullying or under-hand methods were disallowed. Without party politics, the election indeed went on fairly and smoothly. The three losing candidates candidly accepted defeat without a single hint of foul play. This was a truly clean and transparent democratic election.

 

The 27 May 2011 Elected President election in Singapore was a watershed election in mankind history for being the first election of the head of state where party politics was totally cast aside.

 

For the first time in 52 years, the Singapore voters woke up and passionately took a balanced and unprejudiced view of the entire election process and voted Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam into the Elected President office.

Let’s ask ourselves now. Why don’t we go one step ahead and take back their right to choose our head of government by first removing the Prime Minister office – an office that was not elected through universal suffrage.

The current Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong who is holding onto the power to rule the country in the first place was not the people’s choice at all. He is there running the country because he had capitalized on the weaknesses of the inherited Westminster System where the role to appoint the head of government was given to the then head of state, President SR Nathan based on the constitutional convention that the person appointed must be supported by the majority of elected members of Parliament.

At this very moment, more than half of elected parliamentarians belong to the same political party, PAP. Lee Hsien Loong, the current leader of PAP assumed he has the right to be appointed as the head of government. Should PAP implode, or a majority of its current members resigned from PAP and each of them declared themselves as independent members of Parliament, Lee Hsien Loong shall no longer enjoy the majority of support from the current pool of elected members of Parliament. He must resign from the premiership immediately.

Of course, to facilitate mass resignation among the PAP members, three conditions must be broadly supported by the people of Singapore.

1)      Elected members of Parliament who resigned from his or her political parties shall not be disqualified to represent his or her constituency. In other words, Mr Yaw Shing Leong who resigned over an extra-marital issue may not have to relinquish his seat in Parliament. He shall continue to represent the Hougang constituency in the capacity as an independent member of the Singapore Parliament. The same rule applies to all members of Parliament who resigned from PAP. Michael Parmer was an unfortunate “Yaw Shing Leong”.

2)      Party politics was mean to provide self-support among fellow members who want to champion a good cause, for example, the Greenpeace movement that focuses its campaigning on world-wide issues such as global warming, deforestation, overfishing, commercial whaling and anti-nuclear issues. It does not mean party politics can be used to bully, intimidate, terrorize or persecute members of the other political parties. Having said this, since PAP had 50-year of ghastly and appalling records of bullying, intimidating, terrorizing or persecuting members of the opposition parties, it must vanish from the face of the Earth. This is my sincere plead to all the current members of PAP. Please divorce your membership from the political party, PAP immediately. This is a Chinese saying: 大树倒,猴子满山跑。It means when a tall tree falls, the monkeys jump all over the hill. Dear PAP members. Please save your own skin and follow what the monkeys do. Your future rest in your own hands and definitely not in the hands of Lee Hsien Loong, the falling tree.

3)      Who shall be the next head of government? Fellow Singaporeans, we elected our Elected President Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam in a fair election that was conducted without the involvement of party politics. To all elected members of the Singapore Parliament we hope you too accept Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam as the people’s choice to head the government. We shall then merge the office of the head of state with the head of government as one. In your capacity as members of the Singapore Parliament you shall diligently exercise the roles and responsibilities that come with occupying a seat in Parliament. Your principal role as a Member of Parliament is to provide check-and-balance against the Elected President.

 

Stand up Singaporeans. Please do not object the above three conditions. The current pool of elected members of Parliament eagerly wants to walk out from PAP as soon as possible and subsequently amend the Constitutions to remove the office of the Prime Minister. The power to form the Singapore government shall be transferred to the Elected President of Singapore, Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam for he was elected by universal suffrage. 

Please let me make myself clear. There are two objectives in writing this article.

 

The first objective is not to remove Lee Hsien Loong from the office of Prime Minister of Singapore. I am calling for the removal of the Prime Minister office altogether. The constitutional right of the Prime Minister to form the government shall be taken over by the Elected President. In this case, the Parliament can hold a session to amend the Parliamentary Elections Act to remove the Prime Minister office and transfer its power to form the government to the Elected President. Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam shall take over the running of Singapore immediately after the Parliamentary Election Act to remove the Prime Minister office is enacted.

 

The second objective is to diminish the dream of all politicians from making use a dominant political party to put themselves into power by tyrannical means. I propose to limit the percentage of members of Parliament from one political party at 5% of the total number of seats in Parliament. A political party can put in double the number of candidates in the Parliamentary election. However, the number of its elected candidates put into Parliament shall be limited by the 5% ceiling. The candidate that won the second highest number of votes shall sit in the Parliament after the candidate from the political party that had exceed the 5% ceiling is disqualified by the 5% ceiling on the representation of a political party in Parliament. Under this new ruling, there shall be at least twenty political parties in Parliament at any one time.

 

What is the combine effect of these two objectives?

 

First, limiting the number of elected members of the Parliament effectively prevents an ambitious politician from repeating the tyrannical abuses of Lee Kuan Yew in walloping the other political parties over 5 decades. With at least twenty healthy political parties, each political party can play their most effective role to champion one or two political causes but certainly not to garner enough support to form the next government. In the first place, our Constitutions shall disallow any one of the members of Parliament to run the government. Their primary role shall be limited to carry out check-and-balance against the Elected President who holds the right to form the government. The aim of the Parliamentary election is to elect candidates to check-and-balance the executive power of the President, period.

 

Second, the President who holds the right to form the government shall go through a totally different election route whereby he must be voted into office by universal suffrage. The Presidential candidates shall be scrutinized by the voters who review the candidates’ past performance as members of Parliament or someone with high ranking executive power running big corporations. Under this new state of affairs, should a potential candidate have behaved badly or have a record of the slightest sign of tyranny, the voters will not vote him in. This was exactly what had happened in the 27 August 2011 Elected Presidential election in Singapore. If Lee Kuan Yew were to stand in the Elected President election, do you think he will win? He will definitely lose very badly.

 

Though you have read my argument to remove the office of the Prime Minister in Singapore once and for all and transfer the right to form and subsequently run the government to the Elected President, I am afraid some of you might question my intention. You might not want to support my argument for fear that I will gain from it.

 

This was a short discussion with one of my friends, Leo.

I said: “I am going to write an article to topple Lee Hsien Loong and remove the office of the Prime Minister altogether.”

Leo replied: “Throughout history, the over-throwing of a dynasty has always been bloody because of the interest groups.”

I explained: “Dr Sun Yat Sen is a selfless[1] person. That was why he over-threw the Qing dynasty. Here I am. I am equally selfless person. I am doing it all by myself single-handedly to over-throw the Lee dynasty. Because I did not instigate anyone to revolt against Lee Hsien Loong, it shall be bloodless. At most, the person who sacrifices his life is me.”

Leo asked: “Would you gain anything from over-throwing the Lee dynasty?”

I replied: “No! Nothing! It was a pure act of selflessness to save the people from further sufferings. Should I have any thoughts of making any gains, I would have made some wrong moves and landed myself in jail or become the second Chia Thye Poh, the longest-serving prisoner of conscience of the 20th century. ”    

What would I gain from changing the Political system in Singapore? This is my straight forward answer. All my life, I never get near to a single politician. I distanced myself away because I do not want to see or hear how they abuse their position whether in power or merely being a crony of a powerful politician.

As young as 19 years old, I already knew how to read a person’s principle based on “Can do, but cannot say. Can say, but cannot do” or in Chinese 《说的,做不得;做的,说不得》. How do you feel after reading this after? PAP was a political party practices 《说的,做不得;做的,说不得》ever since Dr Goh Keng Swee and Dr Toh Chin Chye left the political scene.

 

Appendix: The Weaknesses of the Westminster Political System

 

Today, it is the right time to call for a reform or reinvention of the political system in the world. First and foremost, let me explain the two greatest weaknesses of the Westminster Political System that originates in the United Kingdom.

1.        A sovereign or head of state is the nominal or legal and constitutional holder of executive power, and holds numerous reserve powers, but whose daily duties mainly consist of performing ceremonial functions.

2.       A head of government (or head of the executive), known as the Prime Minister (PM), premier or first minister. While the head of government is appointed by the head of state, the constitutional convention is that the person appointed must be supported by the majority of elected Members of Parliament. If more than half of elected parliamentarians belong to the same political party, then the person appointed is typically the head of that party.

The Parliamentary system was actually created over several generations of ambitious politicians who gradually removed the power of the Kings and Queens of England and reduced it to the mere role of a sovereign or head of state. (Please read point 1 again.)

The Parliamentary system created a political arena in which a politician endless tries to garner the most number of supports from people who would sit in as members of Parliament in order to ensure his supremacy in authority as the head of the government. Putting as many of his men into Parliament becomes the primary objective of every political party leader. (Please read point 2 again.) That means, serving the people is a far secondary objective, especially, when he has been commanding an overwhelming majority in the Parliament for a while. He then abuses his authority and commits tyranny against his own people after marginalizing the opposition parties.

In other words, the evolution of the Westminster Political System was never meant to serve the people, but solely to serve the greed of political leaders who want to enjoy unfettered power including the use of the most deceitful, cunning, Machiavellian traits, forced imprisonment or mass-killings that ensure many of his own men are elected to the Parliament. Lee Kuan Yew is a grand-master of all these tricks.

To right this wrongful behavior, we must do away with the nomination of the head of government by the majority of the elected members of Parliament. Instead the head of government must be elected through universal suffrage. We shall continue with the general election to elect the members of Parliament who would check-and-balance the authority and decisions made by the head of government who was elected separately through universal suffrage. 



[1] Please read “How does a sage look at earthly people?” at http://ericwoonct.blog.163.com/blog/static/181911362201271841352733/.

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